Culbert, G. J., Bazazi, A.R., Waluyo, A., Murni, A., Muchransyah, A. P., Iriyanti, M., Finnahari, Polonsky, M., Levy, J., & Altice F. L. (2016). The Influence of Medication Attitude on Utilization of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Indonesian Prisons. Aids and Behavior, 20,1026-1038. DOI 10.1007/s10461-015-1198-4
This article discusses about the correlation between utilization of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Jakarta prisons and the attitudes of male prison inmates living with HIV (PLH) toward ART. The authors use a convergent mixed method design to provide multi-level perspective on the correlation, along with structured questionnaire and in-depth interviews as research instruments. Results point out that participants not utilizing ART have more negative attitude towards ART due to concerns about various factors such as safety, efficacy, and beliefs on ART. These create a potential barrier on the progression of HIV treatment cascade, and therefore the authors suggest that positive social marketing of ART can be a probable solution to counteract negative attitudes and to induce ART initiations of PLH in prisons. The article gives insights on several factors that may become resistances to the implementation of ART on PLH in Indonesian prisons, though small sample size and restricted generalizability are stated as limitations for this study.