Opportunistic parasitic infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: A review


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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Laksemi, D. A., Suwanti, L. T., Mufasirin, M., Suastika, K., & Sudarmaja, M. (2019). Opportunistic parasitic infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: A review. Vet World, 13(4), 716-725. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2020.716-725

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

This review focused on presenting an overview regarding etiologic agents a of opportunistic infections among countries, epidemiology and prevalence, lifecycle, risk factors, examination methods, treatment. As it has been stated in the article, parasitic infections may be experienced by individuals with severe AIDS and there are three parasites which are commonly present as intestinal protozoans in HIV individuals. Those three are C. parvum, I. belli, & B. hominis. The researchers shared their perspective on how to prevent severe parasitic infections from emerging in HIV infected individuals, one of which is early detection using molecular approaches. For the treatment itself they suggested that maintenance therapy might be useful to increase patients’ quality of life. This study was crucial for identifying common opportunistic infections as it described several infections and their properties in details so that it could help advance medication for comorbidities in HIV cases.