Rai, S. S., Peters, R. M. H., Syurina, E. V., Irwanto, I., Naniche, D., & Zweekhorst, M. B. M. (2020). Intersectionality and health-related stigma: insights from experiences of people living with stigmatized health conditions in Indonesia. International Journal for Equity in Health, 19, 206. doi: 10.1186/s12939-020-01318-w
This study was aimed to build the concept of intersectionality in health-related stigma by exploring the convergence of experiences of stigma as well as other adversities across the intersections of health, with the addition of other social oppressions among people living with stigmatized health conditions in Indonesia. Several factors had been known to contribute to the complexity of stigma, some of which included social inequality, power asymmetry, and systemic hierarchy. Health-related stigma was also found to interacts and intersects with other forms of marginalization and oppression. Using qualitative interviews on 40 participants in Jakarta and West Java with selected health conditions, the researchers were able to discover that the main intersectional inequalities were gender and socioeconomic status. Additionally, prevailing social norms, systems, and policies were found to intensify oppressions on the participants. Such findings were crucial in highlight the importance of acknowledging the multi-dimensional aspects of people with stigmatized health conditions to hopefully improve their self-confidence and resilience.