Sianturi EI, Latifah E, Probandari A, et al. Daily struggle to take antiretrovirals: a qualitative study in Papuans living with HIV and their healthcare providers. BMJ Open 2020;10:e036832. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2020-036832
This qualitative research was aimed to explore the experiences of Papuans living with HIV to taking ART from patients and healthcare providers (HCPs) perspective. The Province of Papua was known to have high HIV infection Indonesia and not only concentrated among the key population but all population in general. However, ART coverage was still low in said location. Using semi-structured interviews, researchers targeted five local tribes and selected 27 participants consisting of HCPs and patients for data collection. From the interviews, they discovered 2 themes on ART uptake which were personal factors such as stigma, beliefs, knowledge, etc. and health-care environment related factors that included HCPs competencies and attitudes towards HIV patients. These results were said to be crucial for enhancing treatment strategies in Papua, especially on the method of approaching patients that address issues such as stigma, beliefs, and attitudes. Further research was necessary to identify the determinants of each factors.